Template:Unreferenced The Lourdes SIGINT (Signals Intelligence) facility, located near Havana, Cuba, was the largest facility of its kind operated by the Russian Foreign Intelligence Service or FIS, outside of Russia. Located less than 100 miles from Key West, the facility covered 28 square miles. Construction began in July 1962. From October 2001, all station facilities were shut down, the buildings were abandoned and later reconstructed to become what is now the University of Information Science.
At its peak during the Cold War, the facility was staffed by over 1,500 KGB, GRU, Cuban DGI, and Eastern Bloc technicians, engineers and intelligence operatives. In 2000, it was reported that China signed an agreement with the Cuban government to share use of the facility for its own intelligence agency.