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File:Secret Intelligence Service building - Vauxhall Cross - Vauxhall - London - 24042004.jpg

An intelligence agency is a governmental agency that is devoted to information gathering (known in the context as "intelligence") for purposes of national security and defense. Means of information gathering may include espionage, communication interception, cryptanalysis, cooperation with other institutions, and evaluation of public sources. The assembly and propagation of this information is known as intelligence analysis.

Intelligence agencies can provide the following services for their national governments.

  • provide analysis in areas relevant to national security;
  • give early warning of impending crises;
  • serve national and international crisis management by helping to discern the intentions of current or potential opponents;
  • inform national defense planning and military operations;
  • protect secrets, both of their own sources and activities, and those of other state agencies; and
  • may act covertly to influence the outcome of events in favor of national interests

Intelligence agencies are also involved in defensive activities such as counter-espionage or counter-terrorism.

There is a distinction between "security intelligence" and "foreign intelligence". Security intelligence pertains to national security threats (e.g. terrorism, espionage). Foreign intelligence involves information collection relating to the political, or economic activities of foreign states.

Some agencies are accused of being involved in assassination, arms sales, coups d'état, and the placement of misinformation (propaganda) as well as other covert operations, in order to support their own or their governments' interests.

List of major intelligence agencies (by country)Edit

Main article: List of intelligence agencies

Australia

Bangladesh

Belgium

Brazil

Canada

People's Republic of China

Chile

Colombia

Cuba

Czech Republic

Denmark

Egypt

Finland

France

Germany

Greece

India

Ireland

Israel

Italy

Lithuania

Malaysia

Mexico

Morocco

Netherlands

New Zealand

Norway

Pakistan

Philippines

Poland

Portugal

Romania

Russian Federation

Saudi Arabia

Serbia

Singapore

Slovakia

South Africa

Spain

Sweden


Republic of China (Taiwan)

Turkey

Ukraine

United Kingdom

United States

Vietnam

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

Books

  • Encyclopedia of espionage, intelligence, and security, hrg. von K. Lee Lerner und Brenda Wilmoth Lerner, 3 Bände, Detroit [u.a.] : Gale [u.a.], 2004
  • Rhodri Jeffreys-Jones, Cloak and Dollar: A History of American Secret Intelligence, Yale University Press, 2002
  • Richard C. S. Trahair, Encyclopedia of Cold War espionage, spies, and secret operations, Westport, Conn. [u.a.] : Greenwood Press, 2004
  • Amy B. Zegart, Flawed by design : the evolution of the CIA, JCS, and NSC, Stanford, Calif. : Stanford Univ. Press, 1999

Journals

  • The Journal of Intelligence History

Reports

  • Ruiz, Victor H., 2010. "A Knowledge Taxonomy for Army Intelligence Training: An Assessment of the Military Intelligence Basic Officer Leaders Course Using Lundvall’s Knowledge Taxonomy". Applied Research Projects. Texas State University Paper 331. http://ecommons.txstate.edu/arp/331

External linksEdit

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