Template:Infobox Government agency Intelligence Bureau (IB) is Pakistan's main domestic intelligence and espionage agency. It is part of the Ministry of Interior of Pakistan. The IB's tasks include counter-intelligence and internal Security matters.
Although the agency has no formal arrest powers, suspects are often arrested and detained by law enforcement agencies at the request of IB officials. In 1996, the IB was granted control of government censorship programs, controlling information dissemination via mail, wire, or electronic medium.
The existence of IB predates the creation of Pakistan, as it was a part of the pre-war Intelligence Bureau of British India, and the present day IB was created from elements given to Pakistan upon independence. It was initially the main Pakistani Agency, with responsibility for strategic and foreign intelligence, as well as counter-espionage and domestic affairs. Its performance in the 1948 war was however considered less than exemplaryTemplate:Ref due to the fact that the pre-independence Bureau was concerned with internal security matters, and was not set up for foreign intelligence collection. As a result, after the war, a new agency, the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI), was created, and it took over the strategic and foreign intelligence roles. This is the supreme agency in Pakistan.
List of IB chiefsEdit
- Maj General Agha Naik Mohammad
- Noor Laghari
- Brig (R) Brigadier Imtiaz Ahmed, 1990 - 1993
- Maj (R) Masood Sharif Khan Khattak, 1993 - November 1996
- Maj Gen Rafiullah Niazi, November 1996 - September 1997
- Chaudhry Manzoor Ahmed, September 1997 - August 1998
- Col (R) Iqbal Niazi, August 1998 - October 1999
- Maj Gen Rafiullah Niazi, October 1999 -
- Maj Gen (R) Talat Munir, - October 2002
- Col (R) Bashir Wali Muhammad, October 2002 - February 2004
- Brig (R) Ijaz Shah, February 2004 - March 2008
- Shoaib Suddle, August 2008 - May 2009
- Javed Noor, May 2009 - present
- Jaffrelot, Christophe. A History of Pakistan and Its Origins. Translated by Gillian Beaumont. New York: Anthem Press, 2002.
- Jones, Owen Bennett. Pakistan: Eye of the Storm. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2002.
- Ziring, Lawrence. Pakistan in the Twentieth Century: A Political History. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998.
- Gauhar, Altaf. "How Intelligence Agencies Run Our Politics". The Nation. September 1997: 4.
- Thirteen spymasters gather to stare at each other
- Former IB chiefs meet ‘secretly’ over dinner
- Intelligence Bureau (IB) Joint director Zafarullah Khan saves an Agent
- Pakistani Defence Overview of Intelligence
- Brig (retd) Ejaz Shah
- Maj (retd) Masood Sharif Khan Khattak